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Animals facts

  1. Alligator- Living fossil dating back to 200million yrs. It is the largest reptile in N.America.
  2. Bald eagle: It is unique to N.America. It has brown body, white head, yellow bill, legs & feet.
  3. Bat- Only flying mammals. Uses echolocation to hunt prey. Also Dolphin & Orca. They make up more than a quarter of all mammal species on Earth. Live in caves, crevices, tree cavities & bldgs. To survive winter some migrate, others hibernate or go into torpor (regulated hypothermia that can last from a few hrs to a few mths). Since 70% of them eat insects good to have them around. People are their greatest threat.
  4. Beluga whale- White, exhibit a wide range of vocalizations.
  5. Bighorn sheep- Large curved horns on males or rams.
  6. Bison- Bovine family. Largest land mammal in N.America. Commonly called bull. Unlike crocodile, it has broad head. It uses its powerful tail to propel itself through water. Tail accounts for half the alligator’s length.
  7. Black bear- Smallest & unique to N.America. Their short, non-retractable claws give excellent tree climbing ability.
  8. Black-footed ferret- Weasel family. Endangered. Native to N.america, with tan body, black legs & feet, black tip on tail & black mask. Its short legs with large front paws & claws developed for digging, large skull & strong jaw & teeth are adapted for eating meat.
  9. Black & white all over- panda, polar bear, orca.
  10. Blubber- is layer of fat cells in marine animals covering body to keep them warm. But sea otter doesn’t have.
  11. Blue whale- largest living animal, 70-80 ft long & 90-150 tons.
  12. Bobcat- Has short bobbed tail. Most common wildcat in N.America.
  13. Burrowing owls- Live underground in burrows dug by other animals. Have brown spotted feathers, bright yellow eyes, white eyebrows.
  14. Butterflies- Insects. Undergo series of physical transformations called metamorphosis. After mating, female lays eggs on a plant—>hatch in fav conditions(days/mths/yrs) to caterpillar—>eats plant & grows shredding skin sev times—>in a sheltered spot, suspends itself by silken threads & sheds one last time to reveal skin that will harden to form the chrysalis or pupa—->Butterfly emerges days/mths/yrs later, depending on the species. To protect themselves from predators, can disguise to look life leaf/blend into bark called cryptic coloration, Or have chemical defence with toxic chemicals, esp’lly bright colored ones.
  15. California condor- Largest terrestril bird in N.America, black, almost bald head since have to stick their heads into carcasses to feed.
  16. Capable of complex forms of communication- orca, african elephant, dolphin.
  17. Channel island fox- Only carnivore unique to California. Smallest fox species in US, cat size. Colonized Channel islands 10,000yrs ago. Has grey fur on head, red sides.
  18. Cheetah- Fastest land animal in the world. Its slender, long-legged body is built for speed. They are tan in color with black spots all over body. Smaller than big cats with small head & distinctive “tear stripes” that stretch from eye corners to sides of nose. They rely on tall grasses for camouflage. They are diurnal i.e more active in the day. They knock prey to ground & kill with a suffocating bite to the neck. They must eat quickly before they lose the kills to other bigger or more aggressive carnivores. Cubs are smoky in color with long wooly hair called mantle running down their backs. Mothers move cubs to new hiding places every few days.
  19. Crocodile- Have long slender snouts & lower tooth is visible even mouth is shut.
  20. Dolphin- Family of toothed whales that include orcas & pilot whales. They are mammals, breathe through blowhole on top of head, gray in color, playful, spy-hop i.e leap out of water to view surroundings. May live 100yr. They conserve energy by swimming alongside ships, a practice known as bow-riding. Live in groups of 5-100’s, use echolocation to find prey, give birth to one calf.
  21. Gray wolf- Ranges in color from black to grizzled gray to all white.
  22. Grizzly bear- can run @speeds of 35-40mph.
  23. Insects- Have hard exoskeleton, 3pairs of jointed legs, antennae, compound eyes, antennae, proboscis(long tongue to sip nectar), 3parts-head, thorax, abdomen.
  24. Orca- Largest dolphin species.
  25. Pack- Group of animals hunting in pack. Ex: wolves, wild dogs.
  26. Panda- In the wild it’s found only in China. They are endangered species since only 1000 left in the wild & only 60 in zoos around the world.
  27. Poaching is illegal hunting, fishing, or eating of wild plants or animals contrary to wildlife management laws.
  28. Rhinoceros- Have 1 or 2horns.
  29. Sea otter- has the thickest fur in the animal kingdom.
  30. Social hunting animals- humpback whale, orca, dolphin.
  31. White rhinoceros- 2nd largest animal in the world.

1 comment June 30, 2009

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