Posts filed under: ‘Homeopathy‘
- Absentmindedness: Occurs due to prolonged stress or overwork. Nux mos 30x twice/day sharpens memory.
- Anxiety after upsetting events: Kali p
- Anxiety during labor: Acon 30c every 1/2hr.
- Arthritis: Kali carb
- Black eye: Ledum 30c. speeds healing.
- Blisters: Soak in calend, air dry, take canth every few hrs.
- Breast feeding painful: Arn relieves. If pain goes from left side to right, conium 30c twice/day.
- Brittle nails: Use rubber gloves while washing dishes. Alum 30x.
- Bruises: Lack of vit c & k make us more prone. Ledum 30c 4times/day.
- Chemotherapy side effects: Cad sulph 6c twice/day
- Childrens anxiety: Anac 30x twice/day
- Cold sores: Avoid peanuts, chocolate. Rhus t 12c 4times a day for 5days helps quickly destroy virus that causes it.
- Constipation: Nux 30c every few hrs.
- Craving salt: Nat mur once/day for 7days.
- Dandruff: Sulph 30x twice/day.
- Detoxification: Nux vom for side effects of prescr drugs, also eases withdrawal effects from alcohol, tobacco.
- Erectile disfunction: Avena sativa
- Excessive perspiration: Mercurius 30c once/day.
- Eye strain: Pilocarpus 30c at 1st sign of irritation.
- Fatigue(physical & mental): For college students during studies. Carbo veg.
- Fevers periodic: Cina 30c every 4hrs. Also for flu symp’s with cyclic fevers.
- Flea bites: Pulex irritans 30x 3times/day for 3-5days.
- Grinding teeth(bruxism): Wear bite guard to protect teeth. Ars alb 30x if occurs during sleep. 1dose at bed time for 5nights.
- Hay fever: Sabadilla 30x
- Impotence: Lyc 30c.
- Indented tongue: Before b.fast, observe tongue. If imprints of teeth on sides, Merc sol.
- Intestinal flu: Ver alb 30x 3-4times/day
- Irritability(in young children): cham
- Irritability(in older children): Cina 30x
- Kidney stones: Berb 12c every 20mts for relief.
- Leg cramps: Mag p 30x few doses 5-10mts apart
- Lower back pain: Bellis p 30x is Arnica of lower back.
- Mensus pain: Sabina is specific if extends down to legs & also effective for lower back pain.
- Mental confusion: In early stages, Alum can reverse this
- Nasal polyps:Occur if have chronic sinus problems. Phos
- Nausea during pregnancy: Ipec 30x every hr.
- Puffy eyes: Apis m 30x every 1/2hr 4doses quickly heals.
- Sensitive scalp: Even combing hair painful. Cinch off
- Sinusitis: Spigelia if worse on left side.
Sleep walking: Kali brom 30c once before bed for 7nights quickly solves. Gently guide them back to bed without attempting to wake them.
- Spinal injuries: If sharp pain after fall or numbness & tingling, Hyp 30x twice/day & Arn 30x for general trauma.
- Splinters: If hard to remove with tweezers or left behind, silicea 30x 4times/day for 3-7days expels foreign bodies.
- Stomach cramps: Podophyllum 30x every 2hrs.
- Swollen ankles:Lyc 30x twice/day.
- Thrush: Borax 30c twice/day for 7days.
- Toothache: If radiates to ears, excess saliva, Mercurius.
- Vomiting, diarrhoea: In abd flu or food poisoning. Ver alb.
2 comments October 2, 2007
Bry 3X- productive, dry hacking, rattling mucous, worse at night or coming into warm room.
Caus 3X- ineffective cough, chest pain, hoarseness moving into laryngitis
Hepar 3X- for fast relief of choking coughs, rattling in chest, sore sticking pains in throat, stuffy nose, coughing after exposed to cold air
Ant tart 6X- to raise mucus to help with bronchial coughs. Coughs with rattling or wheezing.
Ipec- violent cough with every breath
Kali b-works on mucus membranes. good for sinus, stubborn cough, sore throat, post nasal drip, nasal catarrh. use when excess mucus. cold with thick mucus, cough with thick yellow mucus. prevents settling in chest.
Merc s- Top for infec’s.
phos- in bone, teeth, DNA.good for resp problems
spongia- thyroid problems.breathing difficulties from coughs.
phyto- swollen tonsils, sore throat
Add a comment September 23, 2007
S- #1 remedy for skin problems. Present in every body cell but conc’d in hair, skin, nails. Use for healthier skin, hair. For skin ailments, rashes, eczema, bl.heads, skin eruptions/acne, psoriasis, unhealthy nails/hangnails. polycrest. Help when others fail.
Berb vul- acne, eczema, improve skin through better kidney function.
Rhus t- skin rashes
AA- dry, scaly, rough skin, worse in cold weather.
Graphites- cracked, bleeding hands, fingers, heels, reduce size of old pimples, prevent new ones, scars. Acne due to poor nutrition, overtoxic conditions.
Hydrofluoricum Acidum- psoriasis, itchy burning sensation after scratching, skin tags
Petroleum- psoriasis. Sensitive irritated skin with symp’s of drying, itching or bleeding. skin problems from working with cleaners, chemicals, overuse of vaseline. Beneficial for skin that feels raw, chapped in winter time
Bell-acne, redness, inflamed pimples
Calc S-liver & detox support
Hepar S- teen acne that stays below surface
Ledum- forehead acne, facial eczema
Nat M- greasy oily skin, acne right on hair line
Add a comment September 23, 2007
Acon- sudden attack, use 1st for quick recovery.
spigelia- sinusitis, congestion
hydrastis- sinus pressure, sneezing
euphorbium- nasal congestion, mucus, sinus pressure. Fast relief from nose itching, freq sneezing. Restores free breathing by opening nasal passages, can be used long term, no side effects.
arg met- antibiotic benefits
kali S- colds with thick mucus
all cepa- miserable cold, excess everything. goes to eyes.
Alumina- dryness anywhere
AA- imp skin. restless, exhaustive cold.
Bell- 1st aid for infl, fever. works on circulatory system.
bry- aches & pains of cold etc
puls- sinus pressure worse with change of weather, ear, nose plugged up at night
gels- good cold, flu remedy. constantly running cold where fullness at base of nose.
Add a comment September 22, 2007
Bell-relieve tension from head, neck, shoulders, calm pain, throbbing & fullness in forehead, temples, eyes, during migraine
Bry-relieve migraine pain with stiffness in neck, back, sinus headaches.
Gels for deep headache pain that includes aches, pains in muscles.
Cim racemosa 6X-If due to circulation, cramping, contracting pains.
Sang-right side, redness of cheeks, flashes of heat, determination of blood to head, distention of temporal veins, climacteric disorders
Puls- sudden headaches after overwork, overstress.
Nat M-very effective for chronic sinus, dairy allergy, or hay fever symptoms.
Add a comment September 22, 2007
Eye bright- stimulates liver & so improves vision by strenghtening all parts of eye, optic nerves. Rich in vit A, C. 2capsules daily to improve eye clarity.
Euph 2X from herbal Eyebright for cold affecting eyes.
Cineraria 6X for cataract concerns, cloudy vision, eye irritation
Phos 12X for halos, floaters, black spots, weak eyesight, eye fatigue, gray/faded colors. Helps for symptom of seeing glare when in bright light.
Puls 6X relief of infl of eyes & eyelids
N mur- eye health like dry, itchy, weak, dark circles. polycrust remedy, works on many areas. dry skin, hang nails.
1 comment September 22, 2007
acon- reduces swelling of ear
bellis perennis- pain reliever
cham- calm effect while healing
plantago- infl relief
bell- pain relief, redness, fever
FeP- speed recovery.
Add a comment September 22, 2007
1. Nux, carb.v calm stomach after eating.
2. Nux- basic dig remedy. overeating, bad food combinations, spicy food, OH. Poly crust remedy.
3. Chamomilla- to calm pain, irritability that accompanies restless illnesses like ear ache, cold, colic, teething, d.hea, fever etc.
4. Carbo v- nausea, indigestion, ulcer, toxins.
5. Lyc- Top for liver ailments, stomach problems.
6. Puls- kids, women. works on many areas of body.
7. NaP- regulates digestion.
8. Acidophilus: rebuild beneficial bacteria, pH balance in int.tract needed for colon health. Probiotic. Good for int problems.
9. Aloe: int remedy.
Add a comment September 22, 2007
Arn- #1 injury remedy. overworked muscle remedy. fast relief.. For stress, shock. jet lag. Use imm following injuries, scraps, blows, shock. Helpful also in black eyes, sore muscles, bruises.
Acon- sudden illness
Bell- 1st aid for fever, infl. effect on circulatory sys, bl.vessels. childhood fevers.
Calend- skin problems. cleans, heals wounds fast. Gentler than iodine cleanser. safe to apply to open wounds, dry rough skin, skin sores. Antiseptic, anti microbial, heals acne preventing spread of bacteria. sun burn, diaper rash. lip balm. 1st aid for abrasions, rashes etc.
Cham- irritable child
FeP- #1 for infl’s, paleness, weakness. goes right into cells to help with oxygenation.
Hep s: well known to encourage suppuration. pulls out pus.
Histaminum reduces allergic reactions. Useful for skin & breathing symptoms due to allergies, including bronchial asthma, nasal congestion, hay fever, eczema, hives. Stops further problems after insect bites; following sunburns; food allergies. First aid treatment hourly, decrease frequency with improvement.
Hyp- nerve injuries. Anti viral. protection against infec from puncture wounds. 1st aid for accidents, 1st & 2nd degree burns, cr’d fingers, spinal injuries. Top mental nerve remedy, depression, anxiety. nerve rich areas r fingers, toes, genitals. use before going for dental surgery.
Rhus tox- top pain, backache, joint & arthritis remedy.strains, sprains, all aches, stiff joints, sore muscles, better by motion & heat. poison ivy allergy.
Ruta- excellent 1st aid treatment for sprains, injuries, strain, bruises bones, pulled ligaments. Ruta grav helps with eye strain due to computer use or artificial light. Sprains or fractures that aren’t healing well indicate need for Ruta Grav. Ankle sprains. Soreness in the feet, ankles, achilles heel. Ruta Grav helps in the recovery of ligaments from severe strains & sprains. Useful for injured wrists, knees. Relieves low back pain bruises of bone. carpal tunnel, trick knee and tennis elbow. Ruta not for use when pregnant.
1 comment September 22, 2007
ACONITE No. 1 Remedy for nipping colds in the bud. Useful in the early stages of colds, fevers, inflammations. Suits healthy people whose complaints come on suddenly. Possible causes: cold / dry wind ; fright / shock. Characterised by extreme restlessness and fear. May specifically have an unfounded fear of death. Dry, hot skin. Symptoms worse evening / around midnight. Thirsty for cold drinks. May say everything tastes bitter, except water. Better: fresh air. Worse: touch.
APIS No. 1 Remedy for bites and stings. To be effective symptoms should generally fit the following picture. Odoematous swellings. Redness. Pains burning and stinging. Restlessness. Thirstlessness. Better: cold applications. Worse: heat; 4-6pm.
ANT TART Important (rattling) cough remedy, where patient is unable to expectorate (cf. Ipecac) and is “drowning in mucus”. Feels suffocated, weak, drowsy and limp. May be irritable. Much yawning and sweating. Tongue is coated white. Better: expectoration; sitting up; cold drinks. Worse: warmth; lying down; 4pm; company.
ARG NIT No. 1 Remedy for fear of flying. Useful for anticipatory anxiety and gastro-intestinal problems (belching / flatulence). Suits warm-blooded people with a tendency to feel hurried and impulsive. They may have a fear of failure when having to perform in public. Their fear is justified, as they often rush through things and get into a mess. (cf Gelsemium & Lycopodium). Pains splinter-like. Better: open air; walking fast. Worse: crowds; sweets (gets diarrhoea).
ARNICA No. 1 Remedy for accidents / shock / physical exhaustion. Should be a first choice after most accidents, injuries or physical ordeals. Given early it will reduce swelling and bruising. Patient has a fear of being touched, because of the pain and may want to be left alone. May claim to be alright when they clearly are not. Classic response of someone in shock. Upper body is hot, whilst lower is cold. Memory may also be poor. Better: lying down, with head low. Worse; jarring; lying on injured part.
ARSENICUM No. 1 Remedy for food poisoning. Characterised by great physical prostration with mental restlessness. Patient does not want to be left alone. May have a fear of death. Pains and discharges are burning, yet the patient feels chilly and all symptoms, except headache, are better for heat. Thirsty for frequent sips of usually hot drinks. Better: warmth; lying down. Worse: midnight – 3am.
BELLADONNA No.1 Remedy for very high fevers. Inflamed area or entire patient (!) is burning, red and hot. The eyes are glassy and the pupils dilated. Onset of complaints is sudden. Possible cause: chill to the head. Pains are violent and throbbing. Rapid pulse. Patient is angry, may be delirious and even have visions. Thirsty, may crave lemonade. Better: lying down. Worse: touch or jarring movement; 3pm.
BRYONIA No. 1 Remedy for dry, painful coughs. Dryness of all mucous membranes. Great thirst for large amounts at long intervals (opposite of Arsenicum). Patient lies absolutely still; all symptoms are much worse for the slightest movement. Pains are stitching. A “bear with a sore head” who is irritable and resentful of being questioned or fussed over. Better: firm pressure. Worse: 9pm; after eating cabbage or beans.
CALC CARB No. 1 Remedy for slow, difficult teething. Often needed when growing up or going through major developmental changes .Classically fat, fair and flabby. Chilly. Easily over-exerted and very sweaty (esp. back of head). Sour-smelling. May fear many things (e.g. the dark; monsters; animals; insects).Slow developers, particularly poor at assimilating their food, which may cause problems in bone and teeth formation. Crave boiled eggs. Better: constipation; dry weather. Worse: heights; getting cold or wet; teething; milk. CALENDULA No. 1 Remedy for healing wounds. Very useful first-aid remedy for cuts; superficial burns or scalds; ulcers; scalp wounds; after teeth extraction or childbirth. It stimulates formation of healthy scar tissue (without lumps). Use externally in cream, ointment or tincture form. Take internally if there is much discomfort or suppuration (cf. Hepar Sulph). Better: warmth; walking or lying absolutely still. Worse: damp dull weather; evening.
CANTHARIS No. 1 Remedy for the intense pain of burns. Often effective in the treatment of cystitis, where there are burning pains before, during and after urination. Intense mental and physical irritation. Onset is sudden and violent. Pains are cutting and burning. Patients have a burning, intense thirst, but are worse after drinking (especially cold drinks). Better: cold applications.Worse: touch.
CARBO VEG No. 1 Remedy for resuscitation. “The homoeopathic corpse reviver”. This remedy has saved many lives. Symptoms at their most extreme are complete state of collapse due to oxygen starvation. Body (even breath) is cold. May appear limp, pale or blue. Less severe cases have extreme sluggishness. Many digestive disorders, especially wind. (cf. Lycopodium) Upper abdomen / stomach very bloated. May be brought on by over-indulgence. Better: cool air; being fanned; burping. Worse: warmth; dehydration; before sleep; tight clothing.
CHAMOMILLA No. 1 Remedy for teething children. Especially if child has one red cheek. Characterised by over-sensitivity. Pains are intolerable and appear to be out of all proportion to the illness or injury. Suited to bad-tempered children who are only quiet when carried and constantly request, then reject things. They are hot and sweaty (especially the head). Better; for being uncovered. Worse: 9pm – midnight.
CHINA No. 1 Remedy for de-hydration. Delicate types whose senses are too acute. Emotionally and physically exhausted. Complaints often arise after loss of fluids / severe dehydration (e.g after fever or diarrhoea). Bloated abdomen, but not relieved by burping (cf. Carbo veg). Better: hard pressure; lying down; fasting; loose clothes. Worse: light touch.
DROSERA No.1 Remedy for whooping cough. Excellent (whooping) cough remedy (see also Ant tart & Ipecac), where cough is violent, spasmodic and leads to gagging / vomiting or nosebleed (cf. Ipecac). Better holding chest.Sensation of feather in throat. Restlessness. Emotionally stubborn or suspicious. All symptoms improve after midnight. Better: sitting up; open air. Worse: lying down; talking; warmth.
GELSEMIUM No. 1 Remedy for flu. Especially if there is shivering up and down the spine. Characterised by paralysis. The remedy is known as the “glass coffin” because although there is complete physical prostration, it is coupled with mental alertness. Patient trembles, has aching muscles and heaviness especially of the headand eyes – even the eyelids droop. Better: for sweating or urination. Worse: physical exertion.
HEPAR SULPHNo. 1 Remedy for painful, infected wounds. Characterised by hyper-sensitivity to everything: pain; touch; cold; noise; exertion. One of the chilliest known remedies. Emotionally can be violent and intense. Tendency to form pus. Pains stitching and splinter-like (cf Arg Nit). Better: heat; damp; lying in warm bed. Worse: uncovering; cold.
HYPERICUM No. 1 Remedy for injury to nerves. Useful first aid treatment for lacerated wounds from sharp instruments or any injury to nerve-rich areas (e.g. slamming door on fingers or falling on the coccyx). Pains are extreme and shoot along the nerves. Reputed anti-tetanus properties. Worse: motion or pressure.
IGNATIA No. 1 Remedy for recent bereavement / emotional shock. Useful for treating symptoms which follow acute loss, grief or disappointed love. May not be able to accept what has happened and reacts with a sense of disbelief. Other signs may include hiccoughs, involuntary sighing or yawning. Can be used to treat fainting and hysteria. Better: warmth. Worse: tobacco; fresh air.
IPECAC No. 1 Remedy for constant, violent nausea. Vomiting brings no relief. Sudden bright red haemmorhages (nosebleeds; piles; periods). Spasmodic respiratory complaints. Dry cough with choking/gagging, difficulty expectorating (cf Ant Tart). Thirstless. Constant salivation and clean tongue. Better: open air. Worse: over-eating.
KALI BICH No. 1 Remedy for painful sinuses. Excellent remedy for colds and sinusitus, although chronic sinusitus is best treated by a qualified homoeopath. Its main characteristic is a very stringy, sticky thick yellow / green discharge, which smells (cf. Pulsatilla).Suits those who become ill after getting chilled and are chilly whilst sick. Despite this chilliness they feel worse in summer. Pains are often in a small well-defined spot, but they can “wander”. Better: warmth. Worse: on waking; at night; after eating.
LACHESIS Left-sided complaints or begin on left, move to right (especially sore throats). Warm-blooded. Talkative, amusing but with an over-active mind. Can be suspicious and jealous. Intense. Better: open air; cold drinks; during or after period. Worse: menopause; alcohol; anything tight around the neck; after sleep; heat; heavy weather.
LEDUM No. 1 Remedy for puncture wounds and black eyes. Like Hypericum has reputed anti-tetanus properties. Use to treat deep wounds (e.g. those caused by nails) and bites from both animals and insects. Pains are sticking, tearing and throbbing. Area is swollen, blue and cold but, strangely, feels hot to the sufferer. Better: cold applications. Worse: heat.
LYCOPODIUM Anxious. Lack self confidence especially when doing new things / speaking in public. Fine once they get started (cf. Arg Nit who hurries too much and does fail ). Can be charming, but may be dictatorial at home. Complaints right-sided or move from right to left (opposite of Lachesis). Lots of wind. Bloated stomach and abdomen. Tendency to flatulence. Better: warm drinks; sweets; motion; open air; passing wind. Worse 4pm-8pm.
MAG PHOS Known as the homoeopathic aspirin. Very effective if crushed in warm water and sipped. Useful for neuralgia of the head and face, cramping or shooting pains. Relieves headaches; toothaches; menstrual pain. Those who respond well to this remedy may be sensitive or nervous types who often talk about their pains. Always seek professional homoeopathic treatment if symptoms persist. Better: heat; firm pressure. Worse: cold; uncovering; touch. MERC VIV No. 1 Remedy for mouth ulcers. Suits those people who are human thermometers, incredibly sensitive to both heat and cold and better moderate temperatures. They have very smelly breath and discharges (which may be streaked with blood). They are prone to swollen glands / colds and sweat profusely . Excessive saliva, especially at night, but they are extremely thirsty. Worse: in bed at night.
NATRUM MUR No. 1 Remedy for cold sores. If on the lips (with no other strong symptoms). Very sensitive people who remember the smallest slights for a long time. Feel everything so acutely they tend to protect themselves by shutting themselves off. They feel worse for consolation, except from a chosen few (or one). An important remedy for silent grief (the stiff upper lip). The middle of the lower lip may be deeply cracked. Discharges like egg white. Crave salt. Better: lying down; resting sweating. Worse: heat, especially of the sun. NUX VOMICA No. 1 Remedy for hang-overs … and over-indulgence in rich food. People who need this remedy are very chilly. Emotionally they tend to be tense, irritable and over-sensitive. They suffer from digestive complaints and although they feel much better for vomiting, they find it difficult to do so. They often work and play very hard, surviving on a “diet” of coffee, alcohol and tobacco, despite the effect it has on them. For best results take the remedy a few hours before going to bed. Better: rest; warmth and hot drinks. Worse: in the morning.
PHOSPHORUS Lovely, bubbly, affectionate and sympathetic types. Unfortunately their poor boundaries mean they can become exhausted by the problems of others. Overly impressionable. Riddled with fears and anxiety. Burning heat and pains. Tendency to bleed easily. Desire spicy food; ice-cream. Better: cold drinks; eating; sleep (even a short nap). Worse: sudden weather change (especially storms); missing a meal; lying on left.
PULSATILLA No. 1 Remedy for childhood ear infections. With this remedy the symptoms and the patients themselves are very changeable. Emotionally they are moody, tearful and crave company. Children are clingy and whine. Pulsatilla types are thirstless and are much worse for being in a stuffy room; their mood improves dramatically when they go out in the fresh air. Discharges are thick, bland and yellow-green. Complaints may come on after getting wet, chilled feet. Better: bathing; crying; movement; pressure. Worse: twilight; wet, windy weather.
RHUS TOX No. 1 Remedy for sprains and strains. Stiffness, coupled with terrible restlessness. Pains usually around joints, which ache, feel sore, bruised. The pain gets worse on first movement, with a tearing or stitching sensation, but this eases after continued movement, provided it is not too strenuous. During colds, fevers, flus, a triangular red tip at the end of their tongue is an excellent confirmatory symptom. Children who need this remedy crave cold milk. Better: heat; gentle motion. Worse: damp, cold weather.
RUTA No. 1 Remedy for injuries to tendons and bone surface. Ruta’s action is deeper, but it has a less distinctive picture than Rhus Tox. It is less restless. Bone feels damaged. Useful for injuries to wrists; Knees; ankles or bones with a thin covering of flesh (e.g shins). Better: for movement. Worse: lying on the affected part.
SEPIAUseful remedy for conditions brought about by hormonal changes in women. Suits those who are worn out and have a dragged-down, heavy feeling. Indifferent to loved ones. Chilly. Weepy. Dislike sympathy, prefer to be alone. Desires acidic things and chocolate Better: vigorous exercise; eating; warmth; open air. Worse: during menstruation; missing a meal; pregnancy.
SILICA No. 1 Remedy for forcing out splinters, etc. In first aid treatment excellent for forcing foreign bodies out, but beware if you have a pace-maker, grommets, metal pins etc. In acute illnesses suits chilly types, who keep getting infections, which are very slow to clear up. Thirsty. Perspire easily. Better: heat. Worse: cold, damp, wet weather.
STAPHISAGRIA No. 1 Remedy following episiotomy. Appear sweet and calm, but may feel angry, resentful, humiliated. Feel boundaries have been violated. Doesn’t want to be touched. Very useful after cuts with a sharp instruments. Better: warmth; rest; breakfast. Worse: missing a meal; tobacco; exertion. SULPHUR Warm-blooded, wants doors and windows open. Empty sinking feeling in stomach at 11am. Desires sweets; spicy food. Burning pains. Offensive corrosive, burning discharges. Itchy. Do not use routinely for skin complaints always see a qualified homoeopath. Better: fresh air. Worse: warmth; bathing; 10-11am.
Creams or Ointments:
Arnica – used externally on unbroken skin. Never use on broken skin as it can irritate. Reduces bruising & swelling.
Calendula – the “homoeopath’s antiseptic”. Use on cut, broken or sore skin. A wonderful healing balm.Urtica Urens – very soothing on hot, itchy skin caused by minor burns, sunburn or allergic reactions to insect bites & stings.
Pyrethrum spray – a homoeopathic insect repellant.Lemon grass essential oil – another useful insect repellant. Burn it in room or rub into skin mixed with a base oil or sun tan oil.
Bach flower remedies:
Rescue Remedy – A combination of five flower remedies, used to reassure and calm those who have had bad experiences or accidents. In many, many situations you can give this immediately, whilst you consider which remedy is most appropriate.
Honeysuckle – A great remedy for homesickness.
Add a comment September 22, 2007