Posts filed under: ‘Clothes‘

Fabric glossary

1. Accessories: Additional ornamentation to accompany garment. (Shoes, Jewelries etc.)

3. Alter: To change pattern so that it corresponds to body measurements.

4. Bandhani: A process of patterning cloth by tie-dyeing in which design is reserved on undyed cloth by tying sm spots very tightly with thread to protect them from dye. Especially popular in Rajasthan, Gujarat.

5. Bias: Any direction in fabric which does not exactly flow in direction of weft yarn (vertical yarns) or warp yarns (horizontal yarns) of a fabric. A true bias makes an angle of 45 degree across length & width of a fabric. Fabric cut on a bias has max stretch.

6. Buta: “a plant”. A floral motif, traditionally rendered as a flowering plant with a curling bud at top.
7. Chikan Kari: Embroidery in white cotton thread upon fine white cotton fabric, like, muslin. Several techniques in chikan-kar are known; Lucknow was a famous center of fine workmanship.
8. Choli: A short, bodice-like breast garment.

9. Contemporary: currently in vogue.
10. Cool/light Colours: Blue, Violet, Green. Have calm, restful effect. 11. Dhoti: Traditional dress for lower part of body, consisting of a piece of unstitched cloth draped over hips & legs.
12. Draping: Means to hang or to adorn the body form with loose fabric & to obtain a body fitted garment by using adequate sewing techniques. 13. Dupatta: Veil-cloth draped loosely around upper part of body.
14. Flannel: Soft-filled cotton twill brushed on 1side.

15. Fad: Short lived fashion, briefly & suddenly seen everywhere & just as suddenly vanish.

16. Fashion Forecast: To predict/foretell future fashion trend for a specific period of time.

17. Finish: Perfection with which garment / fabric is completed.
18. Frey: Threads which come out from fabric during handling.

19. Ghaghra: Skirt, usually with a great deal of flare. several triangular gored pieces stitched together.
20. Grain: Another word used for length wise (weft yarn) or cross-wise (warp yarn) threads of fabric.

21. Hand: ‘feel’ of a garment or cloth.
22. Hue: shades & degrees of color.

23. Jamdani: Fine cotton muslin with floral pattern brocaded in thick soft cotton. Dacca was a famous center for the production of finejamdani work.

24. Kurta: slightly loose-fitting garment for outer wear, often with a round neck, of knee-length or even longer, with side-slits at the hem & generally flared skirt.
25. Microfibre: Any fiber (usually man-made) that is finer than silk. This combines the benefits of the original fiber with a much softer hand & better drape.

26. Paijama: Trouser-like garment, worn on lower part of body alike by men & women. Literally, ‘leg-clothing’.
27. Phulkari: Literally, “flowered work,type of embroidery practiced by punjabi women worked in floss-silk upon coarse cotton cloth, in darning stitch over counted threads, being worked from back of fabric.

28. Polyester: man-made fiber, resists wrinkling as it is resilient. It is machine washable & dryable making it inexpensive to care for. It does not readily absorb moisture so can feel clammy & uncomfortable in warm weather. Because it does not retain moisture well it tends to retain static.

29. Pucker: To draw up into folds or wrinkles.

30. Rayon: fiber created by mixing plant cellulose & chemicals. It is thought of as a man-made fiber. It has the advg of breathability & absorbency, good draping qlty’s, ability to be dyed in brilliant colours, superior strength.

31. Sandwash: A finish to achieve sueded effect & soft hand.
Seam Line Is the line which indicates where seam shd be stitched.

32. Surface Decoration: Ornamenting surface of a fabric or garment (e.g. Embroidery etc.)

33. Taper: To decrease width gradually, bring it to an end point.
The Look: To portray a certain image. (The contemporary look i.e. the look of today. The look of the yester years)

34. Thread Count: Is no of warp & weft yarns in 1square-inch of a fabric (warp yarn x weft yarn per sq. inch)

35. Trend: Fashion is not static, they are constantly moving, their movement has a definite direction. The direction in which fashion moves is called fashion Trend.

36. Trim: To cut off ragged edges below seam line to prevent garment from being bulky & to give seam a neat finish.

37. Warm Colours: Red, Orange, Yellow, advancing in nature as seen by eyes these colors move closer thereby reducing size of an object. Warm colors are cheerful.
38. Warp: Yarns that run l.wise.

39. Wool: natural animal fiber. The ‘crimp’ of wool gives it resilience that allows it to resist & recover quickly from wrinkling & crushing. crimp also forms air space giving it excellent insulation against heat or cold making wool an excellent year round fabric. Wash it in cold water; do not pull or wring the garment when wet (it must be lifted & gently squeezed); roll garment in a towel to draw out moisture then lay out in its original shape to dry.

40. Woolens: This term also refers to a ‘spinning process. The wool fibers are not uniform. Most fabrics made in this method are relatively loose and you can see the short end fibers rising from the surface.

100% Wool: Refers to an all-wool fabric which may contain different grades of wool.

Worsted Wool: This term refers to a ‘spinning’ process. The wool fibers are combed and only the longer fibers are used. The strands are combined and doubled over themselves with a twist. Worsted wools are characteristically smooth, have an even texture, with a relatively high twist.

41. Zari: Metallic thread twisted over cotton or silk for brocading.


Add a comment September 20, 2007

Tips for ironing fabrics.

1. Iron in bedroom so u can sort & hang on hangers close at hand in closet.
2. Put Al foil under ironing board cover so it reflects heat & so both sides ironed at once.
3. Progress from garments needing lowest to highest temps.
4. To prevent collars, cuffs, hems from pluckering, iron on wrong side 1st, also double thick fabric.
5. Quick spray starch- 1Tc.starch+2c h20 in spray bottle, shake well. Spray lightly, iron.
6. To avoid flattening embroidery or eyelets, iron face down on thick towel.
7. If electric iron gets clogged & suddenly unclogged, leaves white mineral globs on dresses. If clogged, slows ironing, damages clothes. So wash sole plate with distilled h20, clean vents with cotton swabs. Clean soleplate when slightly warm with cloth dipped in b.soda. Scrub starch build up or other soil.

Add a comment August 13, 2007

Removing stains

For dark colored clothes, wash in water with few drops vinegar & dry in shade.
Tea spots- rub with raw papaya.
mud spots- rub with cut to half potato.
Ink- dip that part in milk, after s’time rub with hot h20/rub with cotton dipped in b.pow+h20.
fruit juices- rub with salt water, wash.
milk- first wash with cold water then hot water. sprinkle pow
boot polish- rub with kerosene, then hot water + surf.
coffee, tea- dip cloth in borax mixed water.
new clothes- wash in salt water.
pan- ripe guava, then with soap.
gorintaku- soak that part in hot milk, wash.
grease on silk- iron with paper on top & bottom.
if want to put ganji, add pinch salt in water to wash so that easy to iron.
before washing add turpentile for shine.
pattu- soak in little glycerine added water so that no wrinkles. Always put in blue tissue paper so color wont fast.
for sweat smell- wash in water with old asprin tablets.
ball point pen- put paper on bottom, rub with methylate spirit so that ink sticks to paper.
wool- dont squeeze after washing, hang, spread on table to original shape, dry.
polyester- when washed many times, turn yellow. so wash in vinegar water.

Add a comment August 13, 2007






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