Hypertension/high blood pressure(BP)

February 19, 2010 RENU

  • Blood pressure is the force/pressure of blood against artery walls.
  • If have high BP, heart has to work harder than it needs to send blood throughout the body.
  • It has no symptoms that you can feel, but increases chances of having stroke, heart attack, & kidney disease.
  • Good news is, you can make changes to lower it, like eating right, doing exercise, taking medications if need to.
  • Adult levels in mmHg(millimeters of mercury): Normal systolic- 119 or less, diastolic- 79 or less. Prehypertension systolic- 120-139, diastolic- 80-89. Hypertension systolic- 140 or higher, diastolic- 90 or higher. If have diabetes/chronic kidney disease, systolic- 130 or higer, diastolic – 80 or higher.
  • Systolic pressure is the force of blood against arteries when heart is sending blood to body & diastolic is when heart relaxes between beats. Both numbers are important. Keep a blood pressure monitor at home.
  • Obesity, alcohol, family history, eating too much salt, getting older, stress may cause hypertension.
  • For stress, consider walking, dancing, tai chi, yoga, or meditation.
  • Eat whole grains, vegetables, fruits, low fat milk products, lean meat & beans.
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Entry Filed under: Health

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