Netherlands history

January 15, 2008 RENU

  1. Holland represents a portion of N.lands or Low countries under empire of Charlemagne.
  2. During later part of Middle Ages, cities of N.lands rose to a very high state of prosperity & some of them became independent republics. Charles V of Spain formally added N.lands to the Spanish crown.
  3. 1555- He resigned & his son Philip II got the crown who outdid his father in bigotry & cruelty.
  4. 1567- Duke of Alva from Spain with large army came & in 68 pronounced sentence of death against all inhabitants of N.lands. Bloody struggle continued many yrs. Little town of Alkmaar withstood a great spanish army by cutting the dikes & flooding the country.
  5. Dutch were nearly always victorious & the heroic N.landers after many struggles & severe trials made their country a refuge from religious oppression.
  6. Puritans, driven from England left Holland as found colonies in America & elsewhere.
  7. Struggle with spain went on for centuries.
  8. 19th century- William I, II, III were kings
  9. 1898- Daughter Wilhemia, 1oyrs was enthroned after III died.
  10. 1901- She married Prince Henry.
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Entry Filed under: History

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